Self-Regulation Taxation And Public Voluntary Environmental Agreements

Self-Regulation Taxation And Public Voluntary Environmental Agreements

Davies JC, Mazurek J (1996) Industrial incentives to improve the environment: evaluation of U.S. federal initiatives. Prepared for the EPA`s 33/50 voluntary program for global environmental management, resources for the future, Washington, D.C Khanna M, Damon LA (1999) EPA: Impact on toxic releases and economic performance of firms. J About Econ Manag 37 (1): 1-25 We examine the impact of costly enforcement on the ability of voluntary agreements with industries to achieve regulatory objectives, the extent of industry involvement in these agreements, and the relative effectiveness of voluntary and regulatory approaches. A voluntary agreement may be more effective when it is an aggregate emission objective than a conventional emission tax, but only if there are cost-effective voluntary agreements in which the members of the agreement pay for its implementation; 2. Members of a voluntary agreement do bear the costs of implementing the agreement; (3) the agreement is implemented by a third party, not the government, and (4) that third-party enforcement officer has a significant advantage in controlling the technology and/or sanctions available to the government. Maxwell JW, Lyon TP, Hackett SC (2000) Self-regulation and social welfare: the political economy of the koporate environment. J Law Econ 43 (2): 583-617 Segerson K, Miceli TJ (1998) Voluntary Environmental Agreements: Good or Bad News for Environmental Protection? J About Econ Manag 36 (2): 109-130 McEvoy DM, Stranlund JK (2009) Self-imposed international environmental agreements, with costly compliance monitoring. About Res Econ 42 (4): 491-508 Segerson K, Li N (1999) Voluntary Approaches to Environmental Protection.

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